As with all Protectli Vault hardware, the FW2B and FW4B series need only RAM (memory) and mSATA (storage) added in order to have a fully functional hardware system. In addition, an optional WiFi module can be installed as well. For more information on HW compatibility, see this link.
The FW2B and FW4B series hardware are slightly different, but the chassis form factor, general board layout, and placement of components is largely the same. The FW2B and FW4B vary mainly in the type of CPU they have and the number of network ports. For a full comparison among different models, please see this page.
The annotated photo below shows the location of the various sockets. The FW2B is pictured. Note that the memory socket is underneath the mSATA and WiFi sockets.
There is a single SODIMM socket for memory. Additional information on compatible memory modules can be found in the Hardware Compatibility page. The maximum supported memory size is 8GB of DDR3L (1.35V).
The FW2B, and FW4B series come with a single mSATA socket. This socket is capable of holding any logical size mSATA.
The WiFi module socket is a PCIe form factor socket. The FW2B can accommodate a standard PCIe WiFi module. The FW4B while PCIe in form factor, operates over USB channel communication, limiting functionality as compared to pure PCIe modules. Protectli sells a compatible WiFi module that is available here. Instructions for installation of the WiFi module can be found here. The FW2B can also accommodate the Protectli PCIe/USB WiFi module.
The ‘Front’ of the FW4B Vault is pictured above. The FW2 is different, as it only has 2 network ports (WAN and LAN) but an additional 4 USB 2.0 ports.
Power should be supplied by the included power supply, which is rated for 12V at 3.3A.
The Power LED, which lights up green when power is applied, indicates that the Vault has power applied. It does not indicate the status for the operating system
The Drive Activity LED will blink, according to mSATA drive activity. Usually, the user will see the most activity as the unit is booting, or if the unit is under heavy load. For most operating systems, this indicator will not be on and only blink occasionally under most conditions.
The Network ports are each independenly connected to the CPU via a PCIe connection. A table that shows port numbering can be found below.
|Vault Model||Port 6||Port 5||Port 4||Port 3||Port 2||Port 1|
|FreeBSD (pfSense) Labeling (in software)||em5||em4||em3||em2||em1||em0|
|Windows 10 (in software)||Ethernet 5||Ethernet 4||Ethernet 3||Ethernet 2||Ethernet||Ethernet 1|