How to install Windows on the Vault

Last Updated On October 10, 2017
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Installing Windows on the Vault is a relatively strait forward task, however, depending on the Version of Windows you are installing, you may or may not have to install a few drivers to make things work correctly.  We’ve tested Windows 10 and Windows Server 2016.

Note: Windows 10 is the only supported Consumer grade Windows platform that is supported on the Vault.  Neither Windows 7, nor Windows 8 is supported.

Windows 10

Windows 10 includes all necessary drivers for the Vault in the installation, so no extra drivers need to be loaded.  Common to older versions of Windows, hardware drivers were occasionally not present, resulting in the need to download special or custom drivers.  The Vault’s hardware does not suffer from this issue, however, as Windows 10 includes the appropriate drivers for most of the Vault’s hardware.  Below are notes specific to the hardware platforms.

FW4x, FW1x, FW2x

The Windows 10 installer includes the appropriate drivers for the Vault’s network ports (Intel 82583V) at install time, so as soon as the device boots after installation, you’ll be able to get network access.

Be sure to run Windows Update to download all available updates.  Commonly, chipset support is absent with Windows 10 installation, but running Windows Update will download and install the appropriate Intel chipset drivers.

A view of the Network Connection on a 4 port Vault, after a fresh Windows 10 installation

One confusing part of the process is that Windows seems to name the network ports arbitrarily.  In each of several installations on an FW108120, the port with the lowest MAC address is named “Ethernet 2”, while the port with the next lowest MAC address is named “Ethernet”.  On Windows, this should not be much of an issue, as it’s relatively easy to see from the User Interface which port is active.

Vault ModelPort 6Port 5Port 4Port 3Port 2Port 1
FreeBSD (pfSense) Labeling (in software)em5em4em3em2em1em0
Windows 10Ethernet 3Ethernet 2EthernetEthernet 1


With the Atom based Vaults, there are some chipset drivers that are not included with the windows installation (as seen in the screenshot below).

Missing Windows Driver for a Win10 installation on an FW1x

Simply running “Windows Update” after the installation will result in Windows downloading and installing the appropriate drivers for the Vault.

Some versions of the Vault will show a missing driver, even after all Windows updates are applied, in the form of of missing “ISP Camera Device” as in the image below.

Windows 10 showing a missing Driver

This is due to a feature of the Intel Atom 3845 CPU that allows for the use of an embedded “Image Signal Processor”, which is a feature that Intel enables.  This driver can either be safely ignored, or the feature can be disabled in the BIOS.  The BIOS setting page can be found under “Chipset –> Northbridge –> Intel IDG Configuration –> ISP Enable / Disable”.  Choose “disable” and ensure that you save your BIOS settings before exiting.

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